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“Kline deftly weaves science, history, culture, and moving narratives into a fascinating (and

long-overdue) origin story of one of medicine's most 'impersonally personal' procedures.” - Abby Norman, author of Ask Me About My Uterus

"In seven illuminating chapters, Wendy Kline lifts up the hidden history of the pelvic exam — an act we all endure but rarely stop to question. Exposed shows how this medical ritual has evolved over time, from a tool wielded by elite male doctors to a way for second-wave feminists to reconnect with their bodies and own their sexual health. In doing so, she digs up chapters gynecology would rather forget: the era of genital phrenology, the 'invention' of the speculum at the expense of enslaved Black women, and, most recently, and most recently, the use and abuse of the pelvic exam by those claiming medical authority. Yet time and time again, she smartly centers the patients and activists who dared to take pelvic knowledge into their own hands." - Rachel E. Gross, author of Vagina Obscura

“Essential and eye-opening. Wendy Kline takes her readers on a revelatory journey through the history of the pelvic exam, offering insights that alternate between shocking and empowering. Exposed is not just a history lesson: it’s a call to action, a demand for greater transparency and accountability, and a beacon of hope for more equitable healthcare. A compelling and indispensable read.” - Rana Awdish, M.D., author of In Shock: How Nearly Dying Made Me a Better Intensive Care Doctor

“Placing her historian’s speculum straight into the soft tissue where sex and medicine meet, Wendy Kline diligently peeks inside, swabs for disease, and shines her light on the potential for abuse alongside the practice of life-saving medicine. Meticulously researched and brilliantly written, <i>Exposed: The Hidden History of the Pelvic Exam</i> is that rare gem: an addictive page-turner about an intrusion every vagina-owner first learns to put up with, then takes as a given without ever questioning why.” - Deborah Copaken, NYT-bestselling author of Ladyparts

“For anyone who has endured the shock of having a routine pelvic exam turn abusive, Wendy Kline provides disturbing evidence of how we got here. From J. Marion Sims to Lawrence G. Nassar, she details the history and horrors of gynecological care, while also highlighting some of the heroes who have tried to change a medical system that has brought harm to many women.” - Emily Dwass, author of Diagnosis Female: How Medical Bias Endangers Women’s Health

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